The Verkhovna Rada on Tuesday, the fifth of September, rinala the education act, which introduces 12-year school education and more modern approaches to learning. For the bill 3491-d in the first day of the session of Parliament had voted even with the stock – 255 MPs. 110 votes out of a possible 138 gave the Poroshenko Bloc. 70 “for” gathered national front – in fact, it is a fashion law faction, as Minister of education Lilia Grinevich appointed its quota. The maximum support provided is a fraction of the Self-help – 25 with one missing member. By 13 voters gave the Fatherland, although the leader of the faction of Yulia Tymoshenko and her charges unsuccessfully demanded to make the final project a lot of edits 14 – the faction of Lyashko, 11 – will of the people, of 12 independent deputies. And only one faction of the Opposition bloc has completely ignored the vote.
First after the holidays
Education reform in the graph are Pleased stood among the first: all the deputies had planned to take her vacation in June, had not and went on vacation. Although the Minister of education Lilia Grinevich until the latter was in Parliament and awaited consideration. The sides LIGA.net predicted that its adoption would not – work on the latest version of the draft took about a year, the political negotiations reached a few months ago. But, the bill still took nearly six hours for the second reading the deputies filed 1705 edits, of which the relevant Committee has considered 1098.
Politruka Happy: who came to the first meeting of the session – photo
“If we don’t pass this law, we will continue to live according to the law on education, created in Soviet times. And then in manual mode the Ministry of Finance, with all due respect to him, will address the philosophy of: one to transfer to the local budget, as to whom to give money,” – campaigned from the rostrum of the first Deputy head of Committee Alexander Spivakovsky.
Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada Andriy Parubiy went through a long procedure, and all amendments to the bill: “edit No. 6 Spivakovsky. You insist on it? No. He does not insist. Edit No. 16 Spivakovsky. Not insist? No. The following edit No. 21, member of Flint. Insists? No. 22nd, Tatyana Chornovil. He does not insist. 24th, Kremin. He does not insist. 25, Spivakovsky. He does not insist. We have fast things are moving, I’ll tell you.” Accelerated consideration of the bill, which looked so promising in the first few minutes, did not last long: at the 126th edit the deputies harshly ran into a language barrier.
A bill prepared for the second reading, provided that the language of the educational process in Ukraine is the state. Representatives of indigenous peoples and national minorities are guaranteed the right to education in their native language along with Ukrainian. With one condition: the older you becomes a student, the more he will teach in the Ukrainian language – so that by high school, separate items they should be only native language and native literature.
Many MPs saw this as a threat to planting of the Russian language in schools.
“Really… trying to introduce Russian language in educational process in Ukraine. This article provides for the right not to study the language of the national minority, and language of the Russian national minority in Ukraine. In the third year of war with the aggressor you want a target to introduce in Ukraine the Russian language? You have no conscience,” said independent MP, ex-Minister of health, Oleg Musiy.
Ed tried to object: Yes, this article of the bill initially caused a large discussion on the factions, but the situation at schools of national minorities is a stalemate. Now there are only studying Ukrainian as a subject, and high school graduates in the end almost do not speak the national language. And to ensure their right to native language still requires the Constitution of Ukraine.
“A child who grew up in a Hungarian-language Romanian or the environment and comes in 1st class, can not immediately and all subjects to study in Ukrainian. And, by the way, please do not be mislead that we have only now there will be schools of national minorities. They were here from the beginning of Independence. And now we just adopted in this article a revolutionary norm by which they will know the Ukrainian language”, – convinced the Minister of education.
The Deputy from BPP Oksana Bilozir asked not to confuse two different concepts: the study of the native language as a subject and teaching all subjects in their native language. And made your edit: the representatives of national minorities are guaranteed the right solely to the study of the native language and all other subjects should be taught in Ukrainian.
The head of the Mejlis Refat Chubarov in the sentence, she saw risks for the Crimean Tatars: “If we take, for example, the amendment of Ms. Bilozir, it is the second time we kill the Crimean Tatar language. We were banned in Soviet times. I’m sure I urge you to. The wording proposed by the Minister of education and the Committee is not a compromise, it is the most successful form that provides and ownership on the entire territory of the state language, and the observance of basic human rights.”
“Colleagues, we would not engage in endless debate, we must decide”, – said the speaker.
Party Lyashko announced that he will support the edit Bilozir: last year the Ministry has spent several million of the EIT in the Tatar language, and used it only eight people, “is It rational spending? To learn the native language everyone has the right, but teaching should be exclusively in the Ukrainian state language”.
“We can’t preserve the Russification of Ukrainian education. The war began including due to the fact that there was no Ukrainian schools in the Donbas and in the Crimea. There was total Russification. Where there is a Ukrainian language, the Russian tanks will not work. Make no mistake,” – said the Deputy from Svoboda Andriy Ilyenko.
After a long dispute it was proposed to hold a separate consultation on the language issue, but “not a cabal, but real consultations,” so as not to do anything stupid.
Parubiy this position was supported and placed on rating voting both draft language of the article. Offer Grinevich was supported by 160 deputies, has a little more – 196, but needed 226 votes none have lasted. The faction decided to break to get together and develop a coordinated position. A closed meeting regarding the language of instruction lasted about two hours.
The leaders of the factions laid out the seventh article of the language of education into several parts. The language of the educational process in Ukraine will be the state language. National minorities are guaranteed the right to receive preschool and primary education along with Ukrainian and even in their native language. For indigenous peoples this right extends to pre-school and secondary education. Persons with hearing impairments provided the opportunity to learn sign language, and Ukrainian sign language.
The Ukrainian language on stage, specialized schools and universities required. At the request of the students of universities and technical schools must provide them with the opportunity to learn the language of the indigenous people or national minority as a separate discipline. The state also promotes the learning of English. other languages of the EU and the establishment of Ukrainian schools abroad.
That took deputies
Edition LIGA.net have already written that provides for reform Grinevich. Briefly it can be described as follows: changing the period of schooling, learning approach and level of control over the money that comes from different sources for training.
Read the interview with Grinevich: Corruption in higher education went to higher levels
From the next academic year in school returns the 12-year education, although the number of MPs it caused a backlash. The Deputy of the priests (who, like other radicals, yet voted for reform), even allowed himself obscene call: “Let’s not do from school marriage Agency”. However, his proposal to leave 11-year-old is not supported.
The school will be divided into three stages, between which knowledge students will be evaluated on the final examination:
Grades 1-4 – elementary school
Class 5 to 9 – basic secondary school
10-12 grade – school profile
The last stage of schooling choice can be purely professional – if the student plans to go to work in the profession, it will focus on the modern labor market; or academic with profound studying of subjects for admission to the first year of University and higher education. To resolve a temporary imbalance, while studying for the bachelor plan, on the contrary, reduce for the year.
The law introduces a concept such as competence-based training. Ideally, this means that the theory of the children will gradually move to the ability to apply knowledge in life. This is reading with understanding, ability to Express thoughts orally and in writing, proficiency in the Ukrainian language and communicate at least one foreign language, critical thinking, the ability to logically justify a position to use new digital technologies, the ability to manage emotions, assess risks and make decisions, solve problems and collaborate with others, entrepreneurship, knowledge economic fundamentals.
In the learning center should be the child and his individuality. The role of parents in children’s education: they can be shared with teachers to determine its form, pace, depth, directly participate in the development of the curriculum for students.
The bill also recognizes distance learning via the Internet, external – when the student self-study material, home schooling or educational patronage for children who cannot attend school for health, fix the teacher. Authorities are generally required to contribute to the education of children with special needs – if necessary, create an inclusive or special groups and classes. To enforce the rights of pupils, students, parents and teachers, and to respond to their complaints is the special education Ombudsman.
Education funding from the state budget, local budgets and sources, not prohibited by law, is set at 7% of GDP. Along with the growth of funding increases and control: everyone should publish on their websites information about obtaining and using money, even if it is fees from parents for new curtains or gear for the gym. It is believed that this will reduce corruption risks – lack of control, do not exclude in the Ministry allows certain schools to receive funds for the repair first from the budgets, and then also from parents.
The reform also envisages a gradual increase in the income of teachers. Until 2023, the minimum wage should rise to four times the subsistence minimum, now it is about 6500 UAH. According to estimates of the Ministry, this will require 69 billion.
Certification of teachers will take place every five years. However, they have the right to choose where and how to improve their skills. In addition, there are voluntary certification of teachers to external testing. Those who pass, will receive a Supplement equal to 20% the Ministry of education hope to use as “agents of reform”.
So this idea looks on paper. In real life, the implementation of the law in the educational process will require a lot more than its development time and effort. At a legal level necessary to have full synchronization with other laws and the adoption of new – on General secondary education, vocational education, adult education, amendments to the law on higher education. This means time and a new round of bidding in the Parliament for each of them. The main organizational part of the implementation falls on the Cabinet, and this requires real, and not declarative political will of the incumbent of the Ministry and a guarantee that with the change of Minister Grinevich once again, it will change the paradigm of reform. The reform should be prepared and motivated teachers, depends on its performance at the grassroots level. And most importantly: without adequate financial support, this reform runs the risk to remain only on paper.