The problem with mental health is the second leading cause of disability in Ukraine. This is stated in the research conducted by world Bank experts together with a number of international organizations, the press service of the Ministry of health.
The experts explored the issues of mental health in Ukraine and access to treatment for the most common mental disorders on the example of Lviv, Poltava and Zaporizhia regions.
Researchers were interested in such disorders as depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder and disorders related to alcohol use.
World Bank experts say that mental health problems in Ukraine are closely related to poverty, unemployment and sense of danger in connection with the conflict in the Donbass.
At risk, according to them, Ukrainians of older age, low educational attainment, and residents of Eastern Ukraine.
The most common cause of death associated with mental disorders and alcohol consumption is suicide. Today Ukraine is among the ten countries with the highest rates of suicide.
According to experts, about 75% of Ukrainians now do not have access to professional psychiatric help. In Ukraine there are a large number of psychiatrists, but not enough psychologists, psychotherapists and social workers.
Experts believe that public universities not always can provide qualitative training of personnel, and private institutions offer expensive training of psychotherapists, which is sometimes contrary to scientific approaches.
Earlier in the Dnieper psychiatric hospital with strict supervision has been found archival materials that testify to the punitive psychiatry of Soviet times.