Scientists from the University of Miami interviewed about 2400 firefighters from South Florida and came to the conclusion that firefighters have a higher risk of developing many types of malignant skin tumors than the General population. In particular, they have melanoma is diagnosed more often and, on average, at an earlier age. It is reported online edition of Naked Science, citing a study published in the journal JAMA Dermatology.
Participants of the study were 2156 men and 239 women, the average duration of their work in the fire service was 15 years. Firefighters filled a questionnaire with 127 questions about their skin diseases and the features of lifestyle. Respondents indicated whether they go to Solarium, how often do visit a dermatologist how easy it tans their skin, and how often does it appear sunburn. Also the questionnaire included questions about whether firefighters try to protect the skin from UV exposure by using sunscreen, hats or clothing closed.
It turned out that one or another form of skin cancer ever diagnosed 4.5% of those surveyed firefighters. Melanoma is the most dangerous and rapidly growing type of skin cancer found in 0.7% of firefighters. According to the National cancer Institute, in 2014, melanoma suffered average 0.3% of Americans. Representatives of the main mass of the US population, on average, receiving this diagnosis is 64 years, fire – 42.
According to scientists, increased risk for several reasons. Firefighters are constantly interacting with harmful chemical compounds. They also inhale the products of combustion not only when fighting fires but also at home. For example, microparticles of soot deposited on the working form and the internal surfaces of fire trucks and people “carry” them around on his hands and clothes. Dangerous and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are formed during combustion of organic materials – they are actively allocated during forest fires. All of these factors combined with the fact that firefighters rarely protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation, and 24% of respondents additionally were sunbathing in the Solarium.
Earlier it was reported that Swedish scientists have identified a correlation between height and risk of cancer. On average, for every 10 cm of adult height, the risk that you’ll find he has cancer, grows by 11% in men and 18% women. The risk of developing breast cancer tall women above 20%, and the risk of developing melanoma among tall people of both sexes above 30%.